This content area addresses drugs that affect the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. Cardiovascular medications are grouped according to their primary mechanism of action, and will include the diuretics, beta blockers, vasodilators, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, nitrates, and digitalis glycosides. Drugs used to control coagulation disorders will then be addressed, followed by the pharmacologic management of hyperlipidemias. This course then discusses pulmonary medications, such as drugs used to control respiratory irritation and secretions (antitussives, decongestants, mucolytics, expectorants, antihistamines), drugs that promote bronchodilation (beta agonists, xanthines, anticholinergics), and drugs that decrease airway inflammation (glucocorticoids, cromones, leukotriene modifiers). This content area concludes with a survey of endocrine pharmacology, focusing on drug management of diabetes mellitus, androgens, female hormones, and thyroid disorders.